2020 is marked by a global health crisis because of the coronavirus epidemic. In addition to the heavy human toll, this pandemic also leads to economic consequences because of lockdown and the closure of borders. Facemasks, barrier gestures, hand sanitizer, the world is trying to live with the epidemic, and more or less strict measures depending on countries. And yet, there is still one question without an answer: when will the pandemic end?
When announcing new measures, including curfew in health emergency areas, Emmanuel Macron said on Wednesday October 14, 2020 the epidemic will last "until at least the summer of 2021". Estimation that matches WHO's statements.
Coronavirus: WHO hopes the pandemic to be over within two years
COVID 19 – World Health Organization (WHO) director general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus spoke about the coronavirus pandemic this Friday August 21, 2020. Speaking in a press conference, he said he hopes the health crisis could be halted in a shorter time than the Spanish flu, naming in under two years.
On Sunday December 6, infectious disease specialist Karine Lacombe invited on BFMTV confessed she "things will get back to normal" by September 2021. She adds: "By summer, we will know if the vaccine campaign goes as expected it will, an important impact on the dynamic of the epidemic". Same call for epidemiologist Arnaud Fontanet who said on Friday December 18, 2020 on France Inter he hopes to see "the light at the end of the tunnel by late 2021 if most of the population is vaccinated".
Among the different factors that could lead to the end of the pandemic is herd immunity: if rather big part of the population catches the virus and develops antibodies, it could curb the spread of coronavirus as it will face fewer non-immune people. Yet, on a world-basis, the process would take a very long time.
So, what could accelerate the end of the health crisis? Generalizing tests, putting on quarantine, and sustaining barrier gestures are the main weapons. Another major issue is the elaboration of a treatment. As for this solution, a genuine race to vaccine is currently on across the world. Over twenty vaccines are being elaborated. In November 2020, several announcements of promising vaccines including Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna and AstraZeneca make news.
Coronavirus: treatments and vaccines studied in the world
Let's take a stock on Covid-19 vaccines and treatments across the world. Where are the first vaccines at? Are they safe? When will they be made available? Are there effective Covid-19 treatments? What are the latest discoveries and breakthroughs performed by scientists?
Yet, issuing effective vaccine will not automatically put an end to Covid 19. Then, it is necessary to keep in mind production time and distribution of approved treatment times, as well as their deployment on the global scale. Until then, it is necessary to keep on complying with health guidelines.
Coronavirus: a vaccine will not be enough to stop the pandemic, WHO warns
As the Pfizer and BioNTech laboratories have announced their vaccine was 90% effective, the World Health Organization director greets the rallying to curb the coronavirus epidemic while vouching every country will be able to enjoy this scientific breakthrough. Yet, this Monday November 16, 2020 Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warns a vaccine will not be enough to stop Covid.
So far, France's 3-step vaccination campaign has started on December 27, 2020. Furthermore, according to epidemiologist, member of the Academy of Medicine professor Yves Buisson, he says its marks the "end of the beginning". Invited on France 2's 4 Vérités show, he says that "now we have a mean, naming vaccine, it enables us to be active and no longer passive against Covid-19. We'll be able to start implementing vaccine protection that is the only way to control the epidemic". But so far, it is not about letting our guard down, health guidelines remain vital to limit the spread of Covid-19.
Covid 19: France’s vaccine campaign is speeding up
As a third wave is already expected for January 2021, the slow speed of the vaccine program in France is exasperating. Health Minister Olivier Véran made several announcements this January 5 to speed the pace up. Here are the latest key dates as part of the vaccine campaign in France.