The Musée de l’Orangerie takes us to the metaphysical universe of Giorgio De Chirico (1888-1978), over 10 years after the retrospective held by the Paris Museum of Modern Art. For this exhibition running from September 16 to December 14, 2020, it’s all about the metaphysical period of the Italian painter that brought him fame.
This metaphysical period, De Chirico started it early, at 21 years old, when he traveled to Florence. He explains his friend Fritz Gartz “a new air has entered my soul, a new song has reached my ears and the whole world appears totally changed – the autumn afternoon has arrived, the long shadows, the clear air, the serene sky –, in a word: Zarathustra has arrived, do you understand??” (Editor’s Note: Zarathustra is a poet-prophet figure used in a parodical way by Friedrich Nietzsche in the book Thus Spoke Zarathustra where the prophet goes to the mountains and comes back to men).
We have to say that Giorgio de Chirico frequents the Fine Arts Academy of Athens very early. When he leaves Athens for Munich when his sister and father die, he takes the classes provided by painter Carl von Marr (1858-1936) and discover Friedrich Nietzsche’s and Arthur Schopenhauer’s works as well as Arnold Böcklin’s painting who’s for him “the poetically most profound painted [and] has been a huge realist”.
After his trip to Italy, the painter makes it to France and exhibits at the Salon d’Automne 1912. Yet, he’ll be only noticed a few months later by Apollinaire. The writer will write “The art of this young painter is an inner and cerebral one that has nothing in common with the art of the painters who have emerged in recent years. It possesses nothing of Matisse, nor of Picasso, it does not come from the Impressionists. This originality is new enough to deserve to be pointed out.”
This is how the painter is welcomed and admired by the surrealists: Paul Guillaume (to whom belonged most of the works of art exhibited at the Musée de l’Orangerie) who was the first merchant of Giorgio de Chirico. The oneirism in Giorgio de Chirico’s work is used in the growing surrealism, from Magritte, Ernst to Picabia and Eluard. Back in Italy in 1925, he’ll get back to realism and lose his success…
Yet, there’s still a wonderful collection to (re)discover in Paris in 2020.
Dates and Opening Time
From 16 September 2020 to 29 October 2020
Musée national de l'Orangerie
75001 Paris 1
tarif -26 ans UE: Free
tarif réduit: €6.5
tarif plein: €9
Horaires : 9h-18h, fermé le mardi